Phosphate production in Egypt
Phosphate in Egypt, the most important mineral deposits from both themetallurgical and economic, because the production was, and still occupies a prominent place in the field of Mining. The reason for this is the widespread presence of phosphate in Egypt as there is in the form of a belt of phosphate deposits extends to a distance of about 750 km in length from the Red Sea coast in the east to the west Dakhla Oasis . The economic importance can be summarized in that exported abroad in large quantities and are manufactured part to the kind of chemical fertilizer super phosphate .
that are of economic importance in Egypt in three main areas :
Nile Valley between Adfooukna : One of the main areas of the regions of presence Mahamed and seven- and phosphate ore reserves are estimated in the region of Mahamed alone, about 200 million tons, as the percentage of phosphorus pentoxide to about 22% . The geological studies for Ahitati is estimated at 1000 million tons of areas adjacent to the area Mahamed .
Red Sea coast between Safaga and short : phosphate exists between the ports of Safaga and short the most important areas of Mount Dawi and the thirsty and Hamrawein and estimated reserves of 200 to 250 million tons of phosphate ore .
Abu weakling represent plateau between Dakhla Oasis largest deposit
of phosphate in Egypt, where an estimated crude reserves of about 1,000 million tons ,
but there are some obstacles that prevent the exploitation of exploitation. Optimized and that the presence of a significant proportion of impurities , which increases the cost of production.
Region of Upper Egypt : There configurations phosphate in the valley of the Nile in Upper Egypt on the banks of the Nile River , where there is on the east bank of the Nile in the area between Edfu and Qena and is found in all of the seven- and Mahamed Ali both East and West Banks , and returning phosphate ore in this region in a way miners exposed where there are layers of phosphate in this region very close to the Earth’s surface but appear exposed on the surface immediately and then facilitates the mining and extraction of phosphate ores , and the disadvantage of phosphate ores extracted from the area of the valley in upper Egypt reduced the proportion of phosphate ore and the high proportion of impurities and then transported quantities large raw materials to manufacturing sites , raising the costs of production .
It is proposed to make a phosphate concentration in raw sites extracted and then lower
the proportion of impurities to the lowest rate and transmits phosphate semi- clean to fertilizer plants , which reduces the amount transferred and thus reduce the price of the final product of fertilizer and thus achieves economic value to the presence of phosphate ores , whether locally or in the field global Market
Eastern Desert : There phosphate ores in the Eastern Desert , distributed in three rectangles longest stretch between the Nile and the Red Sea coast, which is as follows:
Northern rectangle : only the northern line between Hurghada and Assiut , alone among the South Safaga and Qena and has ores or Huwaitat and runners-up in the south of Hurghada ,Abu sharp and Dove Valley in the north of Qena .
Rectangle East and extends between Safaga and Qena up north and Qeft up short and south , and is centered around the nine sites for the phosphate ore is located mostly west of the coastal road between Safaga and short .
Rectangle South : Only the northern line runs between the short and Qeft alone south
line running between Marsa Alam and Edfu , and concentrated sites of raw materials in Westerly particular the stretch east of the Nile , where there are five sites the most famous Mahamed versus mines Seven , one of the oldest areas of phosphate mining in Egypt , where they were mining since 1897 .
Western Sahara : studies found g to identify a wide area extension includes layers of container for phosphate ores in the south of Western Sahara in both low oases emerging and low Dakhla Oasis and the plateau Abu weakling , all of which are located west of the Nile Valley and stretches west to plateau Gilf Kebir , which lies in the South Western Sahara .
And hinders the economic exploitation of phosphate ores in this region the difficulty of transporting crude to export ports for lack of means and the length of the distance. It can get rid of all these problems at the exploitation of this resource as a great strategic state
is no less important than the gold mines , which until now have not benefited from them.
Kharga , Dakhla phosphate : Other sites Kharga , Dakhla has estimated reserves Al?julo?ah tentatively . And excludes it from the site near Gibraltar northeast of
emerging low as estimated reserves Al?julo?ah tentatively estimated at 40 million tons . This site has been extracted from limited quantities of phosphate during the twenties and early thirties. And also excludes some of the sites involved in the visions that he can run the mines open and was estimated at 500 700 million tons in recognition ?julo?aa initially
Phosphate ASSISTANCE : Wrong phosphate ASSISTANCE high percentage of
impurities in it, which would lead to higher costs and lower quality, and the inability to foreign competition , which is for export outlets Foreign away from Safaga, about 500 km However Vav contains some rare metals and no fear of demand for it in the future in the global market with the growing need to fertilize crops , especially rice in Southeast Asia .